Siena, a charming city located in the central-northern Tuscan region of Italy, is renowned for its splendid medieval old town, its captivating main square shaped like a seashell, its artistic treasures, and its vibrant culture. Founded by the Etruscans, Siena boasts a rich and fascinating history that is reflected in its well-preserved architectural and artistic heritage.

The heart of Siena is represented by the enchanting Piazza del Campo, one of Europe’s most spectacular squares. The square, with its unique seashell shape, is surrounded by elegant medieval palaces and dominated by the majestic Torre del Mangia. Every summer, the square hosts the famous Palio di Siena, a horse race that has been held since 1287 and involves the city’s 17 contrade, or districts, each with its own colors, emblems, and distinctive traditions.

The Siena Cathedral, dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta, is another architectural masterpiece that attracts visitors from all over the world. Its elaborately decorated facade and sumptuous interior, enriched with artworks by artists such as Michelangelo, Donatello, and Bernini, testify to the artistic and religious fervor that has characterized Siena over the centuries.

In addition to the Cathedral, Siena is also renowned for its rich artistic tradition, with precious artworks housed in its museums and churches. For example, the National Gallery hosts a vast collection of Sienese paintings from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance, while the Church of San Domenico houses Domenico Beccafumi’s masterpiece, the Madonna of the Rosary.

But Siena is much more than an open-air museum; it is also a lively and authentic city, with medieval streets winding between stone houses, artisan workshops, cozy cafes, and restaurants offering Tuscan gastronomic delights. The city is a perfect place for strolling and getting lost in its picturesque alleys, discovering charming corners and breathtaking panoramic views.